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Broadcasting hours were 6 am to 6 pm to avoid competition from Radio Luxembourg, which began transmissions at 6 pm. The band broke up in 1977; Watt-Roy and Charles played on Ian Dury's New Boots and Panties!! Caroline claimed boarding the ship and removal or destruction of equipment was piracy. Some DJs were embarrassed but some were fascinated by the challenge of an abstract concept. [28] Radio Caroline returned to the air on 15 April 1979. Throughout most of the 1970s, Radio Caroline could be heard only at night, calling itself "Europe's first and only album station". In mid-September 1965, the crew and DJs on MV Mi Amigo were joined for the weekend by 1960s pop singer Sylvan Whittingham, who visited the ship to promote her single "We Don't Belong". "[38] In a 1995 article for the pressure group Charter88, Steve McGann commented: "Whether Caroline was right to maintain her defiance for so many years is irrelevant. Radio Caroline South = 10kW (later 50 kW). [35] The remaining 5 kW transmitter was later converted for short wave use. These broadcasts took place between 1970 and 1973.[18]. 15 August 1967 following passage of the Marine Offences Act, Broadcasting from various locations offshore to Western Europe. By championing bands ignored by the establishment, the founder of Radio Caroline paved the way for the pirate DJs of soul, acid house and grime Radio Caroline founder dies aged 79 The Move’s “Flowers In The Rain” was the first record played. One would circle over the North Sea in international air space near the United Kingdom, while the other remained on standby. In the evenings, Radio Caroline transmitted Dutch and American religious evangelist broadcasters such as Johan Maasbach and Roy Masters on medium wave, and later on short wave, under the name Viewpoint 963/819, or World Mission Radio (WMR) on short wave. Radio Caroline was begun by Irish musician manager and businessman Ronan O'Rahilly, after he failed to obtain airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame's records because the station was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels: EMI, Decca, Pye and Philips. In late 1977, Radio Caroline began sponsored evangelical programmes, and music programmes began at 9 p.m. On 20 October 1978, technical and financial problems put the Mi Amigo off the air. At its peak, the station had 23 million listeners. Radio Caroline, once home to DJs such as Tony blackburn, pictured here on board the Mi Amigo in 1965, is returning to the airwaves. The station restarted just before Christmas as Radio 199 but soon became Radio Caroline, with a Top 40 format. From December 1984 the Ross Revenge broadcast Radio Monique, recorded and live Dutch-language programmes of a Dutch music radio production company using the 50 kW transmitter during daytime. In Timaru, an NZBC station, originally 3XC, later 3ZC, broadcast as Radio Caroline until 1995. On 24 March 1970, a radio ship named Mebo II anchored off the east coast of England during the UK general election campaign, broadcasting as Radio North Sea International (RNI). Brouwer intended to obtain an AM frequency from the Netherlands authorities in 2003 when its medium wave frequencies were reallocated. It was renamed Radio Caroline South and MV Mi Amigo remained off Frinton-on-Sea while MV Caroline broadcast as Radio Caroline North. He was given the nickname "The Admiral" by Dave Lee Travis because he reportedly liked the boat to be "shipshape"; he sometimes wore an admiral's uniform while doing his show. Some of these 28-day Restricted Service Licence (RSL) broadcasts took place from the Ross Revenge during the 1990s, with the ship anchored off Clacton, in London's Canary Wharf, Southend Pier and off the Isle of Sheppey in Kent. On 30 August 1974 Mi Amigo moved from the Dutch coast to the Knock Deep Channel, approximately 12 miles (19 km) from the British coast. [32], The station restarted in August 1983 from a new radio ship, the MV Ross Revenge, an ex-North Sea factory fishing trawler used during the Anglo-Icelandic Cod War by Ross Fisheries. Welcome to the exciting new sound of Radio 1.” Wonderful Radio 1 had arrived. [5] The Cheeta II was equipped for FM broadcasting, so it was fitted with the 10 kW transmitter from the Mi Amigo, feeding a makeshift antenna. In 1972, MV Mi Amigo was bought for her scrap value at auction by enthusiast Gerard van Dam, who intended to use her as a free radio museum. Caroline Continues - August 1967 Johnnie Walker from 9 pm to Midnight And the Both Johnnie and Robbie Dale from Midnight to 1:30 am This is the historic night that Radio Caroline alone defied Harold Wilson's Government and continued to broadcast after midnight once … Having to manoeuvre the lifeboat alongside the stricken vessel 13 times in high seas and a north-easterly gale earned Coxswain Charles Bowry an RNLI Silver Medal. Radio Caroline's transmission output was almost 20 kW, achieved by linking two 10 kW Continental Electronics transmitters. Caroline also promoted O'Rahilly's concept of Loving Awareness (LA), a far-eastern philosophy of love and peace. Commercial programming commenced at noon on Friday 22 December 2017, with a signal that could be heard as far afield as Southampton, Birmingham, Glasgow and in large parts of The Netherlands and Belgium. O'Rahilly promised financial backing if van Dam could return the ship to broadcasting condition. [citation needed], He was involved in popular music in other ways. Radio Caroline began to broadcast from the ship on 19 August 1983, with unwanted mechanical sounds on speech. [17], On 3 March 1968, the radio ships Mi Amigo and Caroline, were boarded and seized before the day's broadcasting began. The Fredericia was renamed MV Caroline and anchored off Felixstowe, Suffolk, where it began test transmissions on Friday, 27 March 1964. On 1 September, a small motor launch had difficulties in rough seas. [citation needed], When the US-backed Radio London arrived off the coast of England, there was an unsuccessful attempt to merge its sales operation with that of Caroline before Radio London started transmissions. This request, and one to stop transmissions on 819 kHz, was refused. Caroline caused more interference to Spectrum than vice versa. Each of his crew was awarded The Thanks of the Institution on vellum. 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